Browns – This includes materials such as dead leaves, branches, and twigs.
Greens – This includes materials such as grass clippings, vegetable waste, fruit scraps, and coffee grounds.
Water – Having the right amount of water, greens, and browns is important for compost development.
Your compost pile should have an equal amount of browns to greens. You should also alternate layers of organic materials of different-sized particles. The brown materials provide carbon for your compost, the green materials provide nitrogen, and the water provides moisture to help break down the organic matter.
What to Compost
Fruits and vegetables
Coffee grounds and filters
Hay and straw
Cotton and Wool Rags
Dryer and vacuum cleaner lint
Hair and fur
Benefits of Composting
Enriches soil, helping retain moisture and suppress plant diseases and pests.
Reduces the need for chemical fertilizers.
Encourages the production of beneficial bacteria and fungi that break down organic matter to create humus, a rich nutrient-filled material.
Reduces methane emissions from landfills and lowers your carbon footprint.
A meadow is an open habitat, or field, vegetated by grass and other non-woody plants. They attract a multitude of wildlife and support flora and fauna that could not thrive in other habitats. A meadow is a place of great beauty and wonder, filled with birdsong, unique flowers and plants and habitat to many animals, large and small. You might see a gold finch gathering seed down to line its nest or a bushy tailed fox pouncing in pursuit of a mouse, or a rabbit snuggled up in the reeds finding shelter from a storm. Deep blue juniper berries attract a darting catbird, milkweed flowers beckon passing monarchs, and golden rod serve as filling stations for bees and skippers. Below, beyond our sight, roots grow deep and long, filtering and storing precious rainwater, sending it deep into our aquafers.
Meadows in Doylestown Township
Doylestown Township’s Park System has many meadows, both new and old. Municipalities protect grassland and ground nesting birds and pollinators by creating meadows in open space. If you come across a a meadow and question why it is not mowed, now you know the importance of meadows and their continued management for our ecosystem.
Here is a link to help you learn more and get started:
Non-native plants are a threat to Pennsylvania. Doylestown Township’s EAC is dedicated to help residents restore native habitat one backyard at a time! For more information, view the Native Plant Four Seasons Brochure created by your EAC. Also, visit the links below.
“A pollinator is anything that helps carry pollen from the male part of the flower (stamen) to the female part of the same or another flower (stigma). The movement of pollen must occur for the the plant to become fertilized and produce fruits, seeds, and young plants. Some plants are self-pollinating, while others may be fertilized by pollen carried by wind or water. Still, other flowers are pollinated by insects and animals – such as bees, wasps, moths, butterflies, birds, flies and small mammals, including bats.
Insects and other animals such as bats, beetles, and flies visit flowers in search of food, shelter, nest-building materials, and sometimes even mates. Some pollinators, including many bee species, intentionally collect pollen. Others, such as many butterflies, birds and bats move pollen accidentally. Pollen sticks on their bodies while they are drinking or feeding on nectar in the flower blooms and is transported unknowingly from flower to flower resulting in pollination” (www.nps.gov/).
Importance of Pollinators
Reproduce and produce enough seeds for dispersal and propagation